Glossary

Medical Terms in alphatetical order

Arterial:

Coming from an artery, containing oxygen; arterial blood

 

Decompensated heart failure; decompensated means that the body is no longer able to balance out the deficiencies of one organ on its own and that symptoms occur. Heart failure is the pathological inability of the heart to pump the amount of blood needed in the body without an increase in pressure in the atria.

 

Diabetes mellitus:

Medical term for diabetes

 

Erysipelas:

Literally: slightly reddened skin; a bacterial infection of the upper layers of the skin and lymphatic ducts and manifests as sharply demarcated, severe reddening. Other names for erysipelas are St. Anthony's fire and non-necrotising cellulitis.

 

Severe, unmanaged hypertension:

Increase in pressure or tension beyond the norm. This also includes increased pressure in the blood vessels: high (blood) pressure in the arteries in the systemic circulation; in everyday language, hypertension or high blood pressure is generally used to refer to arterial hypertension.

 

Induration:

Hardening of the tissue


Intermittent compression:

Periodically alternating compression

Cardiac:

Relating to the heart, belonging to the heart, originating from the heart

Collateral circulation:

Circulatory bypass


Lipoedema:

Also known colloquially as saddle bag phenomenon, adipose dolorosa or breeches type adiposity; an abnormal and symmetrical build-up of fatty tissue on the sides of the hips and thighs and upper arms

 

Lymphoedema:

Swelling due to lymphatic congestion

 

Neuropathy: 

Umbrella term for many diseases of the peripheral nervous system; primary diseases of the peripheral nerves are rare. However, neuropathy as a secondary consequence of other diseases (e.g. diabetes mellitus) or neurotoxic substances (e.g. alcohol) is more common.

Peripheral:

Near the surface, superficial

 

Peripheral arterial occlusive disease:

Disturbance in the arterial circulation of the extremities caused by narrowing (stenosis) or closure (occlusion) of the arteries supplying blood to the extremities or, less commonly, the aorta. With a proportion of around 95 %, the main cause is arterial sclerosis or, in other words, calcification of the arteries.

 

Occluding processes in the lymphatic drainage system; occlusion means closure; occluding therefore means to become closed; in medicine this term is used to describe e.g. closure of a vessel (vascular occlusion). Here in the lymphatic system.

 

Phlebologic:

From the point of view of a phlebologist

 

Post-thrombotic syndrome:

Changes of the veins and the skin occurring after a deep (leg) vein thrombosis.


Post-traumatic oedema: 

Swelling of the tissue due to accumulation of fluid from the vascular system; post-traumatic (after external force).

 

Reactive hyperaemia:

Congestion as a reaction to strong affects

 

Renal:

Pertaining to the kidneys; lat. ren "kidney"

 

Prevention of thromboembolism; thromboembolism refers to vascular occlusion (embolism) caused by a protracted blood clot (thrombus) that was transported from one part of the bloodstream and got stuck in a narrow place. Thromboembolism is the most common form of embolism.

 

Thrombophlebitis:

Superficial injury of a vein with development of blood clots (thrombi) inside a vessel (e.g. vein)

 

Thrombosis:

Inflammation of the vein with development of blood clots

 

Trophic:

Relating to nutrition, belonging to nutrition

 


Ulcers:

Ulceration

 

Crural ulcer:

Ulcer on the lower leg; known colloquially as "open leg"


Venous oedema:

Accumulation of water due to venous diseases in the legs

 

Soft tissue trauma, acute, of the extremities:

Damage, injury or wound; caused by external forces. In this case, injury of the arms or legs (without involvement of the bone)


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